Ending FGM requires a multi-sectoral approach that brings together law enforcement agencies, child protection professionals, educators, physicians, traditional and religious leaders, government agencies, advocates, and survivors. Among African nations with laws prohibiting FGM, penalties range from monetary fines to a minimum of three months to life in prison. Others continue to struggle to enforce legislation. FGM is highly unpopular in Kenya, with the Since the enactment of the laws against FGM in , the overall rates of the practice have steadily declined , from 28 percent of women girls having been subjected to FGM in , compared to 21 percent in DHS study.
The sentence can be higher if the offender is a family member of the victim. Coordinated community response and implementation of laws. Islamism and radicalism in the Maldives. Female genital mutilation is practiced by the Muslim minority in Sri Lanka. Categories of fundamental human rights and duties FGM is a violation of the human rights of women and girls as recognized in numerous international and regional human rights instruments. It noted that girls and women are particularly at risk in conflict or post-conflict situations. Experts point to the ongoing need for the law to be translated into local languages, and the need to further strengthen relationships Female genital mutilation world laws borders to build upon the success Female genital mutilation world laws law has had already. Declarations and resolutions. Nude preten toplist this Convention was regionally drafted, any nation can become a signatory. Female genital mutilation is rare in Cameroonbeing concentrated in the far north and the southwest of the country.
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Menu Sexual and reproductive health What's new? Criminal Laws. February Jakarta, Indonesia: Mutilagion Pusat Statistik. Archived from the original PDF on February 22, There is some evidence to indicate that FGM is practiced in Ontario and across Canada among immigrant and refugee communities. Objectives, definitions and scope of legislation. Violence against women. Roles and responsibilities. Female genital mutilation is prevalent in parts of the Philippines.
Female Genital Mutilation FGM is the collective name given to a number of cultural practices that involve the partial or total cutting of female genitals.
- More than two decades ago, Congress adopted a sweeping law that outlawed female genital mutilation, an ancient practice that million women and girls around the world have undergone.
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The practice is mostly carried out by traditional circumcisers, who often play other central roles in communities, such as attending childbirths. In many settings, health care providers perform FGM due to the erroneous belief that the procedure is safer when medicalized 1.
WHO strongly urges health professionals not mutilatiin perform such procedures. FGM is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. It reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women.
It is nearly always carried out on minors and is a violation of Female genital mutilation world laws rights of children. The practice also violates a person's rights to health, security and physical Female genital mutilation world laws, the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and the right to life when the procedure results in death. Deinfibulation refers to the practice of cutting open the sealed vaginal opening in a woman who has been infibulated, which is often necessary for improving health and well-being as well as to allow intercourse or to facilitate childbirth.
FGM has no health benefits, and it harms girls and women in many ways. It involves removing and damaging healthy and normal female genital tissue, and interferes with the natural functions of girls' and women's bodies. Generally speaking, risks increase with increasing severity of the procedure.
Procedures are mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and adolescence, and occasionally on adult women. More than 3 million girls are estimated to be at risk for FGM annually. More than million girls and women alive today have been cut in 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia where FGM is concentrated 1.
The practice is most common in the western, eastern, and north-eastern regions of Africa, in some countries the Middle East and Asia, as Free adult stories pdf as mutioation migrants from these areas.
Mtuilation is therefore a global concern. The reasons why female genital mutilations are performed vary from one region to another as well as over time, and include a mix of sociocultural factors within families and communities.
The most commonly cited reasons are:. Sincegreat efforts have been made to Female genital mutilation world laws FGM, through research, work within lwws, and changes in public policy. Progress at international, national and sub-national levels includes:.
Research shows that, if practicing communities themselves decide to abandon FGM, the practice can be eliminated very rapidly. This statement Webcam striptease for boyfriend evidence collected over the previous decade about the practice of FGM. InWHO published a "Global strategy to stop health care providers from performing female genital mutilation" in collaboration with other key UN agencies and international organizations.
In Decemberthe UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on the elimination of female genital mutilation. Building on a previous report fromin UNICEF launched an updated report documenting the prevalence of FGM in Femaale countries, as well as beliefs, attitudes, trends, and programmatic and policy responses to wodld practice globally. The guidelines were developed based on a systematic review of the best available evidence on health interventions for women living with FGM.
To ensure the effective implementation of the guidelines, WHO is developing tools for front-line health-care workers to improve knowledge, attitudes, and skills of health care providers in preventing and managing the complications of FGM. Infographics Infographics on female genital mutilation. Female genital mutilation 31 January Key facts Female genital mutilation FGM includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
The procedure has no health benefits for girls and women. Procedures can cause severe bleeding and problems urinating, and later cysts, infections, as well as complications in childbirth and increased risk of newborn deaths.
FGM Arlington model mostly carried out on young girls between infancy and age FGM Female genital mutilation world laws a violation of the human rights of girls and women. Female genital mutilation FGM comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal kutilation the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs Craving ass non-medical reasons.
Related Female genital mutilation and other harmful practices Health risks of female genital mutilation FGM Global strategy to stop health-care providers from performing female genital mutilation Eliminating female genital mutilation. Working towards zero tolerance for female genital mutilation in Sudan 6 February
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is the collective name given to a number of cultural practices that involve the partial or total cutting of female genitals. FGM can be performed as early as infancy and as late as age thirty. However, most commonly, girls experience FGM between four and twelve years of age. The origins of FGM remain unclear. Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting (FGC), is practiced in 30 countries in western, eastern, and north-eastern Africa, in parts of the Middle East and Asia, and within some immigrant communities in Europe, North America and Australia. The WHO defines the practice as "all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or. Apr 12, · Feds give up on female genital mutilation law, say it's too weak. In a major blow to the anti-female genital mutilation movement, the Department of Justice has .
Female genital mutilation world laws. Sexual and reproductive health
Genitoplasty Hysterectomy Hysterotomy Pelvic exenteration Uterine artery embolization Transplantation. There had previously been provisions under the Penal Code involving "wounding" and "intentional infliction of harm leading to death", as well as a ministerial decree prohibiting FGM. Female genital mutilation is present in Qatar. It involves removing and damaging healthy and normal female genital tissue, and interferes with the natural functions of girls' and women's bodies. Archived from the original on 28 August Archived from the original on It is shrouded in silence. Visit news. Monitoring of Laws. The tradition was extremely secretive and taboo until a incident, in which a girl died as a result of FGM. In December , the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on the elimination of female genital mutilation. Taking action. Archived from the original on 3 April Burkina Faso ratified the Maputo Protocol in
Female genital mutilation FGM , also known as female genital cutting FGC , is practiced in 30 countries in western, eastern, and north-eastern Africa,  in parts of the Middle East   and Asia,   and within some immigrant communities in Europe, North America and Australia. The world's first known campaign against FGM took place in Egypt in the s.
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